Digital Copyright Protection aims at protecting copyrighted content available over the Digital Media. Technological advancement has made plagiarism or copying of such protected content extremely easy and difficult to prosecute.
There exist quite a few technological measures also, such as scrambling signals, encryption, passwords, digital codes, and electronic watermark. These prohibit accessing files without payment or authorization. The Technology for “copyright tagging” has also been developed and advanced.
Section 65A and 65B, was included in the Copyright Act 1957 through the 2012 amendment. Section 65A protects these technological measures taken to protect the copyrighted material. Any such circumvention of these technical measures is punishable. Section 65B provides protection to Rights Management Information. As defined in section 2(xa) Rights Management Information, are digital information regarding the identification or the author of the copyrighted work. The alteration or removal, or usage of such media with the knowledge of such alteration or removal shall be punishable. Section 65B also provides for such civil action been taken against such tampering.
Peer-to-Peer network or better known as P2P network is a method in which two or more computers are connected through software which helps in transfer of digital files. Website like Napster and Gnutella provided such online software platform for such transfer. The popularity of P2P is credited to the fact that any computer can initiate any transfer and the transfer is multidirectional. Once any digital file is uploaded, unauthorized transfer of such file is easy, cheap and free, thus propagating piracy