INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT
Cyber law involves the legal issues revolving around the communications technology, particularly, the internet. The United Nations Commission on Trade Law (UNCITRAL) adopted the Model Law on E-Commerce in 1996, recommending on the states to favor the same.
India enacted the Information Technology Act in 2000 and further amended the Indian Penal Code, the Indian Evidence Act, the Banker’s Books Evidence Act, and the Reserve Bank of India Act, for matters connected or incidental thereto.
The Act essentially deals with the following issues:
- Legal Recognition of Electronic Documents
- Legal Recognition of Digital Signatures
- Offenses and Contraventions
- Justice Dispensation Systems for Cyber Crimes
The IT Amendment Act, 2008 brought about some notable features into this regime:
- Data Privacy
- Information Security
- Role of Intermediaries
- Inclusion of offenses like Child Pornography and Cyber Terrorism